An urologist is a medical doctor who specializes in problems related to the urinary tract and the genital organs for both genders. This kind of physician diagnoses, treats and monitors conditions that affect the bladder, kidneys, ureter, urethra and for males, the prostate. They are also able to perform surgery if it is required, such as procedures on the adrenal glands (which are glands that sit atop the kidneys).
Your primary care doctor may decide to refer you to an urologist for any number of reasons. Some of the most common disorders that are treated by this specialist include recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI’s), overactive bladder, or interstitial cystitis. This healthcare provider also treats prostatitis, enlarged prostate, kidney stones, sexual dysfunction in both males and females, and infertility for both sexes. Any form of cancer that affects the urinary tract, such as bladder, kidney, prostate or testicular can also be treated by this medical provider. Some of these doctors receive special training in reconstruction and are able to repair genitalia or urinary tract abnormalities that result from congenital defects or from serous traumas, such as motor vehicle accidents.
A pediatric urologist is a physician who specializes in treating child patients only. When it comes to pediatric urology care, the most common problem these doctors treat are those related to urination (also referred to as voiding). It could be a bed wetting issue (known medically as enuresis) that a parent brings a child into the medical provider’s office to discuss. Another common problem in youngsters is a condition known as vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). When this condition is present, urine flows backwards from the bladder to the kidneys. This sometimes occurs when the patient has had frequent UTI’s. If the issue is not treated, it can lead to scarring of the kidneys.
There are other occasions when a child should be taken to see an urologist. If your pediatrician feels that the problem your youngster has is beyond his scope, he will send your child to a specialist for further examination and treatment. Undescended testicles are one reason to see a pediatric specialist, as is bladder exstrophy.
Epispadias is a birth defect in which the bladder and urethra do not form as they should and the pelvic bones do not sit together in a natural and normal manner. An orthopedic surgeon may need to do surgery on the pelvic bones before urinary repair can be undertaken. This is a medical condition that is rare. Children who suffer from this disorder should be taken to a large pediatric facility where there are staff that have sufficient expertise in this area of the medical field.
Hypospadias is a birth defect that can be seen in males. In this case, the meatus (which is where urine travels from the urethra) is found in the underside of the penis, as opposed to the tip where it is supposed to be found. The urologist can help with this congenital issue.