The cancer research center is a fairly recent phenomenon. When President Richard Nixon announced his war on this disease in 1972 the number of these study facilities, which was extremely small, started to blossom. The federal government got the ball rolling with the inclusion of the centers of disease control as the federal governments main focus on this problem in the United States. With the CDC as the hub the federal government began establishing other federal facilities whose focus was solely on cancer. That was soon matched by the private sector, which built and marketed their organizations nationwide for treatment and exploration into a cure for this disease. As a result many state of the art science based organizations came into being in the United States. Many of these are now known worldwide as some of the best organizations to contact if you or a loved one are diagnosed with this disease.
Clinical studies continue to be a central focus the cancer research center. This has recently produced some startling results. Lately an international effort involving over 100 institutions worldwide has uncovered dozens of markers in human DNA that can help reveal a person’s risk for many kinds of cancers including breast, ovarian and prostrate. Another breakthrough discovery is a new powerful immunotherapy that uses a modified HIV virus that can train the human immune system to attack the disease and cause remission. Immunotherapy is a new treatment therapy that is being given more and more attention.
Many of these facilities also conduct clinical trials. Clinical trials are used in a cancer research center to test new methods to detect, treat, and improve the quality and comfort of the lives of people who have been diagnosed. Many of these clinical trials are a direct result of ongoing research. There are a variety of trial types and trial phases that are completed before a methodology is determined. The trial types include prevention, detection, screening, diagnosis, and treatment. Trial phases are used to show the applicability of each phase in a new treatment. These phases include phase I, which is used to determine side effects and dosage. Phase II, which reveals how well the treatment works against various forms of the disease. Phase III compares the safety and effectiveness of a new drug or therapy against standard treatments and Phase IV studies, which are used to provide additional information about a new therapies effectiveness. Another popular trial form today is a trial to test new chemotherapy protocols and radiation techniques.
These new modern facilities have all been made possible by not only our advancing medical knowledge but also the additional funding made available by the government and the private sector to come up with a cure for one of the most frightening diseases in the history of mankind. So if ever you or a loved one are diagnosed with or are given the news that you have a positive diagnosis don’t give up and lose all hope. This problem is slowly being solved and those doctors in the forefront of this disease are there to not only help you but to also cure you.