In this article we will discuss the important role of the project manager in the context of project management. The responsibilities and competencies required are reviewed as well as key attributes required.
The project manager also known as the PM, is the person assigned by the organization to oversee and lead the project team that will ultimately be responsible for achieving the project’s objectives. In some organizations, there is one person responsible for the project management department while in other less structured organisation various people may be assigned to the role.
The role of the PM differs from operational managers and functional managers. These managers are responsible for providing on-going support and guidance for a business unit or a certain business operation, while project managers lead specific projects and are often involved in various projects throughout the organization.
The PM often works closely with functional managers to implement projects that meet their needs and help them in performing their tasks. They have a great responsibility in terms of satisfying the needs of the task, the team, and the individuals on the team. They are the link between the organizational strategy and the team and they are responsible for providing the knowledge, tools and techniques necessary for project success. In addition, they must have the following competencies in order to meey their obligation.s
- Knowledge – Understanding of projects and how to manage them in terms of scope, budget, resources, time, and constraints
- Performance – This is the ability to perform the tasks required for their role. Performance may also measure the success or failure of all projects the manager oversees.
- Personal Effectiveness- this Refers to the behaviors the manager displays while performing the project or related activities. Personal effectiveness involves having leadership skills, people skills, and providing guidance for the entire project team.
Interpersonal skills are very important to be effective in managing projects as the leaders are responsible for working with a variety of key stakeholders over the project duratoin
Effective project leaders are able to balance ethical, interpersonal, and conceptual skills that will guide them throughout the project and the different situations that they will face. There are several important interpersonal skills that project managers should possess; including the following:
- People skills
- Integrity, ethical behavior, and consistency
- Strong at building trust
- Verbal communication
- Building team cohesiveness
- Conflict resolution
- Critical thinking and problem solving
The project manager plays a crucial role in the success of a project. They require a wide range of skills. The skills required are both technical and interpersonal, they must be able to understand the detailed process of technical project management but also be able to communicate clearly, problem solve, negotiate and motivate their team.